2BS : biomass biofuel, sustainability voluntary scheme

French economic operators involved in grain production and biofuel supply chain joined in an Association to develop 2BS voluntary scheme. It aims to demonstrate through an independent audit, compliance of sustainability criteria set by the European Directive 2009/28/EC, modified by Council Directive 2013/18/EU of 13 May 2013 and Directive (EU) 2015/513 of the European Parliament and the Council of 9 September 2015. This system enables sustainability claims, on the Directives, for biomass used as raw material and biofuels, biogas and bioliquids processed from that biomass.


The voluntary scheme defines the requirements and demands respect of several types of quantitative and qualitative criteria.


  1 - The greenhouse gas emission saving, from the use of Biofuels, shall be at least 60 % for biofuels produced in installations starting operation after 5 October 2015. An installation shall be considered to be in operation if the physical production of biofuels has taken place. In the case of installations that were in operation on or before 5 October 2015, biofuels shall achieve a greenhouse gas emission saving of at least 35 % until 31 December 2017 and at least 50 % from 1 January 2018.
   2 - Biomass shall not come from lands with high biodiversity values (primary forests, protected areas and ecosystems, highly biodiverse grassland) or land with high carbon stock (forested land, wetlands, peatland). The Member States shall define areas to be excluded, or submitted to conditions, on behalf of biodiversity.
   3 - Biomass shall respect Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions and Environmental Part of the Common Agricultural Policy.
4 - The whole chain of custody of biomass from waste and residues needs to be covered starting from its origin, i.e. the economic operator where the waste or residue material arises.

5 - Implementing a mass balance system for each logistical site.
6 - Implementing a control system for each economic operator (documented procedures).